Guidelines for Authors

Kindly read the instruction carefully before submitting your manuscript.


Please clearly indicate in your manuscript the corresponding and co-author(s) to enable the editorial office to keep communication with the corresponding author.

Cover letter

The cover letter should include the corresponding author’s full address, affiliation, telephone/fax numbers and should be sent as e-mail to the editor with the manuscript attached as a file bearing the surname name of the corresponding author(s),

Research Articles

Research articles should be original works and should address a clearly stated specific hypothesis or question.

They should provide novel approaches and new insights into the problem addressed. They should be arranged in the following order: title, authors name and affiliations, abstract, key words, brief introduction, materials and methods, results if any, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgments if any, abbreviations and references.


Review articles are an attempt by one or more authors to sum up the current state of the research on a particular topic. Ideally, the author searches for everything relevant to the topic, and then presents in a coherent view that isstate-of-the- art. Review articles should give information about the main researchers who have worked in a field,recent major advances and discoveries, significant gaps in researches, current debates and future directions, all relative to the field.

Case Reports

Case reports consist of brief and illustrative reports. The discussion should highlight any previous similar reports,the importance of the issues identified and recommendations by the authors. They should have a maximum of 2,500 words.


All manuscripts must be in English, in MS Word format, tables and figures should be included in a single Microsoft Word file, preferably in Time new roman font and should be submitted via our online system. To avoid unnecessary errors author(s) are strongly advised to use the “spell-check” and “grammar-check” functions of your word processor. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that the articles for publication are approved by the other authors.

Regular Articles


The title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors’full names and affiliations, phone, fax and e-mail information. Current addresses of authors should appear as footnote.


The abstract should be informative and concise. The subject matter should be briefly presented, state the scope of the subject matter, indicate the methodology, and point out major findings and conclusions. The abstract should be 100 to 200 words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs, the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided.No literature should be cited. Following the abstract, 3 to 5 key words that will be used for indexing should be provided.


The introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific   disciplines.

Materials and Methods

Materials and methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. New proceduresshould be described in detail.


Results should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in past tense when describing findings. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, assumption and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the results but should be put into the discussion section.


Contributors to the research other than the authors credited should be mentioned under acknowledgements. The specifications of the source of funding for the research if applicable can be included. The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.



Recommended SI units should be used. However, non-standard abbreviations can be introduced. In general, nonstandard abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelt out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text.


Tables should be kept to a minimum and be presented as simple as possible. Tables should be double-spaced.

Each table should be numbered serially in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph forms or repeated in the text.


Figure should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Figure should be prepared in Microsoft Word.. Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript.Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.


References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references. Example;

Moran GJ, Amii RN, Abrahamian FM, Talan DA (2005).MethicillinresistantStaphylococcus aureusin communityacquiredskin infections. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 11: 928-930.

Charles AL, Sriroth K, Huang TC (2005). Proximate composition,mineral contents, hydrogen cyanide and phytic acid of 5 cassava geno types. Food Chem. 92: 615-620.

Citing References in the Text

Whenever citing a reference in the text, the reference is made using the author’s surname and the year ofpublication.

Citing works by more than one Author

If your source has two authors, you should include both names in the text. For example, Anderson and Peterson(2000)

Citing works by three or more Authors

If there are three or more authors, you should include the first named author and then add ‘et al.’ in italics followed by a full stop. For example, (Kline et al., 2003)

Citing Secondary Sources

When citing secondary sources (i.e., an author refers to a work which you have not read) cite the secondarysource, but include the name of the author and date of publication of the original source in the text. Only thesecondary source should be listed in your List of references. You should only cite secondary sources if you areunable to read the original source yourself. For example, Sheriff (1993) notes that Nintendo invested heavily inadvertising (cited in Kline et al., 2003, p.118


Bi- Annual Journal of Home Economics Volume 1, No. 2 July- December 2014




  1. Attitudes of Parents towards the Behavioral Management of their Mentally Retrded Children……………………………………………………………………

AminaMushtaq, AttiyaInam

  1. Dietary assessment of children with chronic diarrhea………………………

Afifa Tanweer, Ghazala Pervez Zaman

  1. Role of Inspiration in Creating Textile Design………………………………………

Bakhtawer Sabir Malik, Naheed Azhar

  1. Prevalence of Social Phobia among Female Students at College Level……………….

Wajeeha Arif ,Attiya Inam

  1. Assessment of Nutritional Status of Body builders……………………………………

Taiba Zulfiqar, Mrs. Samra Imran



  1. Attitudes of Parents towards the Behavioral Management of their Mentally Retarded Children

Amina Mushtaq*, Attiya Inam***

**Assistant Professor, Government College of Home Economics, Gulberg, Lahore


The current research was designed to find out the attitudes of parents towards the behavioral management of their mentally retarded children. The objectives of the study were to identify to the attitudes of parents towards problematic behavior of their MR children and to identify who has more positive attitudes (mothers or fathers) towards behavioral management of MR children. The structured interview schedule was developed.The total sample comprised of 74 parents (30 fathers and 44 mothers) of mentally retarded children. The sample was selected through convenience sampling. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. For calculations of descriptive and inferential statistics SPSS ver.20 were used. In descriptive statistics frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviations were calculated. Inferential statistics included t-test and ANOVA. Results of this study indicated that parents had positive attitudes towards their mentally retarded children. Mothers had more positive attitude than fathers, whereas, there was no significant difference between negative attitudes of fathers and mothers towards their MR children. It is recommended that further research should be conducted to see the factors that influence the attitudes of parents of MR children.

Keywords:Mental Retardation, Attitudes, Parents, Behavioral Management,Children.



  1. Dietary assessment of children with chronic diarrhea

AfifaTanweer*, Ghazala Pervez Zaman**

**Professor,Department of Food and Nutrition,Govt. College of Home Economics, Lahore.

Corresponding author: Afifa Tanweer, Govt. College of Home Economics, Gulb*Student,Department of Food and Nutrition,Govt.College of Home Economics,

Corresponding author Afifa



Malnutrition can be initiated or exaggerated by the presence of diarrheal disease. Dietary management of diarrheas, based on their underlying cause, can be of much benefit in intercepting the disease-malnutrition cycle. Current study was undertaken with the objective of assessing dietary intake of children with chronic diarrhea. Sample of 50 children was purposively selected for the survey. Data was collected through self-administered questionnaires and analyzed through averages and percentages using Microsoft word (2010). The findings of dietary assessment indicated that children with chronic diarrhea were offered nutritionally inadequate diets, particularly with respect to energy. There was a widespread use of bottle feeding and simple sugars during diarrhea. Promotion of right and adequate food choices through nutrition education, therefore, remains an essential approach to help improve nutritional status of children with chronic diarrhea.

Keywords: Diarrhea, childhood malnutrition, poor nutritional status, dietary assessment, dietary inadequacy.



  1. Role of Inspiration in Creating Textile Design

BakhtawerSabir Malik*, NaheedAzhar**

*Master Student, Department of Textiles and Clothing.Government College of Home Economics, Lahore.

**Lecturer, Department of Textiles and Clothing, Government College of Home Economics, Lahore.



In design-making process, Source of inspiration has a vital role, both in defining the characteristics of a new design and in informing the creation of a distinct design. This study was based on the idea to promote creative and original textile designs by using source of inspiration. The purpose of the study was to create some original and innovative designs for textiles by using natural paintings of William Morris as an inspiration and incorporating modern elements in the design. Several designs were made and three were selected that were innovative and suitable for textile designing. This study marks the significance of source of inspiration in textile designing.

Key Words: Design; Creative; Textile; Inspiration; Innovative; William Morris


  1. Prevalence of Social Phobia among Female Students at College Level

Wajeeha Arif *, Attiya Inam **

*Student, Department Of Human Development and Family Studies, Government College of Home Economics, Lahore.

**Assistant Professor, Department Of Human Development and Family Studies, Government College of Home Economics, Lahore.


Social phobia is one of the most chronic, widely prevalent, and unwanted but less noticed psychological disorder. The present study was aimed to find out the prevalence of social phobia and its levels among the college students in Lahore. Students were selected from College of Home Economics, Lahore through random sampling. “Social Phobia Inventory Scale” was used to investigate the presence of social phobia. The scale was given to 350 students randomly and their demography was taken. Data was analyzed through percentage, mean, standard deviation and ANOVA. The results indicated the high prevalence of social phobia among the students. More socially phobic students were found to have mild level of social phobia. It is recommended that further studies on this topic should be conducted on students by taking more demographic features of the phobic students and on the students from other institutions.

Keyword: Social phobia


  1. Assessment of Nutritional Status of Body builders

Taiba Zulfiqar*, Mrs. Samra Imran**

*B.S(hons) student of Department of Food and Nutrition. Govt. College of Home Economics, Lahore

**Assistant Professor of Department of Food and Nutrition. Govt. College of Home Economics, Lahore


The present research aimed to assess the nutritional status of bodybuilders. This study was limited to only male bodybuilders selected from different local gyms and   sports club. Sample was collected through random sampling technique. An interview schedule was used to collect data. Anthropometric measurements were taken and dietary intake dietary intake was recorded through 24 hour recall and food frequency checklist. Most of the sample was free from any medical problems. Almost one third of the bodybuilders belonged to advance category of body building. Majority of them were found to be in the overweight category (BMI=25-29.9) however, only few were obese (BMI >30). Mean caloric intake was found to be 4288 kcal. The respondents were taking 41-50% of total calories from carbohydrates, 26-30% calories from proteins and 26-30% calories from fats. The consumption of meat was higher than recommended. Non citrus fruits and starchy vegetables (potatoes) were consumed more often than citrus fruits and non starchy vegetables. The intensity of workout plan was according to recommendations.

Key words

Athlete, Bodybuilding, Nutritional assessment